B–H Bond Activation Using an Electrophilic Metal Complex: Insights into the Reaction Pathway

2013-01-07T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Rahul Kumar Balaji R. Jagirdar
A highly electrophilic ruthenium center in the [RuCl­(dppe)<sub>2</sub>]­[OTf] complex brings about the activation of the B–H bond in ammonia borane (H<sub>3</sub>N·BH<sub>3</sub>, AB) and dimethylamine borane (Me<sub>2</sub>HN·BH<sub>3</sub>, DMAB). At room temperature, the reaction between [RuCl­(dppe)<sub>2</sub>]­[OTf] and AB or DMAB results in <i>trans</i>-[RuH­(η<sup>2</sup>-H<sub>2</sub>)­(dppe)<sub>2</sub>]­[OTf], <i>trans</i>-[RuCl­(η<sup>2</sup>-H<sub>2</sub>)­(dppe)<sub>2</sub>]­[OTf], and <i>trans</i>-[RuH­(Cl)­(dppe)<sub>2</sub>], as noted in the NMR spectra. Mixing the ruthenium complex and AB or DMAB at low temperature (198/193 K) followed by NMR spectral measurements as the reaction mixture was warmed up to room temperature allowed the observation of various species formed enroute to the final products that were obtained at room temperature. On the basis of the variable-temperature multinuclear NMR spectroscopic studies of these two reactions, the mechanistic insights for B–H bond activation were obtained. In both cases, the reaction proceeds via an η<sup>1</sup>-B–H moiety bound to the metal center. The detailed mechanistic pathways of these two reactions as studied by NMR spectroscopy are described.