Atmospheric particle composition-hygroscopic growth measurements using an in-series hybrid tandem differential mobility analyzer and aerosol mass spectrometer

<p>The ability of atmospheric particles to absorb water has extensive climate, atmospheric chemistry, and health implications, and considerable effort has gone into determining relationships between particle composition and hygroscopicity. Parallel techniques, in which co-located composition and hygroscopicity measurements are combined to infer composition-hygroscopicity relationships, may not detect the influence of external mixtures. Previous in-line measurements have been limited to single-particle composition or a limited analyte range, and are often non-quantitative and/or offline. Here, we present for the first time in-series, online, quantitative hygroscopicity-composition measurements using a Brechtel Manufacturing, Inc. Hybrid Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer and an Aerodyne High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer. This technique is first verified using laboratory-generated external particle mixtures, then extended to ambient measurements at a seaside sampling side at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. The technique successfully separated laboratory-generated particles of differing hygroscopicities and showed promise for atmospheric particles, though high mass attenuation endemic to the HTDMA dual size selection limits application to environments with at least ∼14–41 μg/m<sup>3</sup> of particulate mass, depending on composition.</p> <p>Copyright © 2017 American Association for Aerosol Research</p>