Asymmetric Synthesis of 1,3-Diamines by Diastereoselective Reduction of Enantiopure N-tert-Butanesulfinylketimines: Unusual Directing Effects of the ortho-Substituent

Chiral, nonracemic 1,3-diamines were prepared in a highly diastereoselective reduction of diaryl N-tert-butanesulfinylketimines. Correlation between facial selectivity of the reduction and E or Z geometry of the starting ketimines suggests involvement of a cyclic transition state for the reduction. The ortho-substituent controls the geometry of N-tert-butanesulfinylketimines in the solid state and provides additional stabilization of the cyclic transition state.