Antioxidant phenolic compounds from the rhizomes of Astilbe rivularis

The rhizomes of Astilbe rivularis, commonly known as ‘Thulo Okhati’ are widely used in Nepal as tonic for uterine and menstrual disorders. In our preliminary study, the 70% MeOH extract of the rhizomes showed potent antioxidant activity. Hence, present study was aimed for the isolation of potent antioxidant constituents. Bergenin (1), 11-O-galloylbergenin (2), (+)-catechin (3), (−)-catechin (4), (−)-afzelechin (5), (−)-epiafzelechin (6) and 2-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4-hydroxylbenzenacetonitrile (7) were isolated from the rhizomes. Structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods. All these isolated compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antioxidant activity by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay. 11-O-Galloylbergenin (2), (+)-catechin (3), (−)-catechin (4), (−)-afzelechin (5) and (−)-epiafzelechin (6) showed potent antioxidant activity.