Analysis of Graphic Activities for Children with Down Syndrome

ABSTRACT Inclusive education in Brazil is a right of the person with disabilities and includes the use of Assistive Technology resources in order to expand the functional abilities of the students, promote autonomy and participation. Among the areas of Assistive Technology is the development of accessible written material, which has a fundamental role in reducing barriers to learning of people with disabilities. Considering the importance of the subject, the objective of this study was to analyze the accessibility of graphics activities applied to children with Down syndrome in occupational therapeutic care, which occurred in a therapeutic toy library for one semester. For this, an applied and descriptive research, with quantitative approach was carried out, in which 278 activities were evaluated using 24 subjects, aged between 2 and 13 years, from the creation of a protocol. Quantitative data have been checked by the software Statistical Package for The Social Sciences-SPSS, version 19.0. The results showed that the graphic materials were in accordance with the guidelines of the literature regarding visual presentation, content organization, reading level and the use of elements to transmit information, but the texts written with symbol support needed to be improved, as well as the inclusion of elements to direct the location of the answer and keywords highlighted in the statement. It was concluded that the graphic materials developed by the occupational therapists were accessible to the studied population, however it was not possible to verify other elements related to the application of the activity that could influence accessibility.