Alum-Catalyzed Domino Synthesis of 12-Substituted-8,9,10,12-tetrahydrobenzoxanthen-11-ones Under Solvent-Free Conditions

<div><p></p><p>Alum is found to catalyze efficiently the one-pot, three-component condensation of aldehydes, α/β-naphthol, and dimedone to afford various 12-substituted-8,9,10,12-tetrahydrobenzoxanthen-11-ones in excellent yields. The use of alum catalyst and the solvent-free conditions make this method simple, convenient, eco-friendly, and cost-effective.</p> </div>