A new isoquinolone alkaloid from an endophytic fungus R22 of <i>Nerium indicum</i>

<p>A new isoquinolone alkaloid named 5-hydroxy-8-methoxy-4-phenylisoquinolin-1(2<i>H</i>)-one (<b>3</b>), together with two known quinolinone alkaloids 3-O-methylviridicatin (<b>1</b>) and viridicatol (<b>2</b>) were isolated from the fermentation of an endophytic fungus <i>Penicillium</i> sp. R22 in <i>Nerium indicum</i>. Their structures were elucidated by NMR, IR and MS data, and were also confirmed by comparing with the reported data in the literature. Meanwhile, the antibacterial and antifungal activities of all compounds were tested, and the results showed that three compounds had strong antifungal activity. Among them, compound <b>2</b> revealed potent antibacterial activity against <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> with MIC value of 15.6 μg/mL.</p>