A Study on the Degree of Amidoximation of Polyacrylonitrile Fibers and Its Effect on Their Capacity to Adsorb Uranyl Ions
2015-04-01T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
Amidoximation of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers was studied by reacting them with hydroxylamine. The chemical structure, mechanical intensity, and morphologies of PAN and amidoximated PAN (AO-PAN) fibers were evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, tensile tests, dynamic mechanical analysis, and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. A higher degree of amidoximation resulted in a higher conversion ratio (CR) of the nitrile group and a higher density of the amidoxime group, while also reducing the mechanical intensity of the fibers. During amidoximation, a hydrogel layer formed on the fiber surface by bonding with H2O molecules, increasing the diameter of the AO-PAN fibers. The layer thickness increased as the CR of the AO-PAN fibers’ nitrile group was increased. The hydrogel layer decreased the adsorption capability by hindering the diffusion of uranyl ions to the interior of the AO-PAN fibers. Therefore, a CR of about 10.8% would provide an appropriate balance between the mechanical properties and the adsorption capability.