A Stable Pyrophosphoserine Analog for Incorporation into Peptides and Proteins

2016-02-05T20:49:35Z (GMT) by Lisa M. Yates Dorothea Fiedler
Protein pyrophosphorylation is a covalent modification of proteins, mediated by the inositol pyrophosphate messengers. Although the inositol pyrophosphates have been linked to a range of cellular processes, the role of protein pyrophosphorylation remains minimally characterized in vivo. The inherent instability of the phosphoanhydride bond has hampered the development of useful bioanalytical techniques to interrogate this novel signaling mechanism. Here, we describe the preparation of a pyrophosphoserine analog containing a stable methylene-bisphosphonate group that is compatible with solid-phase peptide synthesis. The resulting peptides demonstrate enhanced stability in Eukaryotic cell lysates and mammalian plasma and display resistance toward chemical degradation, when compared to the corresponding pyrophosphopeptides. In addition, the peptides containing the stable pyrophosphoserine analog are highly compatible with common ligation methods, such as native chemical ligation, maleimide conjugation, and glutaraldehyde ligation. The bisphosphonate-containing peptides will, therefore, be well-suited for future pyrophosphoserine antibody generation and affinity capture of pyrophosphoprotein binding partners and provide a key entry point to study the regulatory role of protein pyrophosphorylation.