A Permeability-Limited Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) Model for Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in Male Rats
2017-07-31T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling is a powerful in silico tool that can be used to simulate the toxicokinetics and tissue distribution of xenobiotic substances, such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), in organisms. However, most existing PBPK models have been based on the flow-limited assumption and largely rely on in vivo data for parametrization. In this study, we propose a permeability-limited PBPK model to estimate the toxicokinetics and tissue distribution of PFOA in male rats. Our model considers the cellular uptake and efflux of PFOA via both passive diffusion and transport facilitated by various membrane transporters, association with serum albumin in circulatory and extracellular spaces, and association with intracellular proteins in liver and kidney. Model performance is assessed using seven experimental data sets extracted from three different studies. Comparing model predictions with these experimental data, our model successfully predicts the toxicokinetics and tissue distribution of PFOA in rats following exposure via both IV and oral routes. More importantly, rather than requiring in vivo data fitting, all PFOA-related parameters were obtained from in vitro assays. Our model thus provides an effective framework to test in vitro–in vivo extrapolation and holds great promise for predicting toxicokinetics of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances in humans.