Research paper on canabis
There is a newer version of this article.Go to newer version
Until 2004 a loosely defined "personal dose" existed. Since 2006, after the last amendment of the Penal Code, the penalty for possession is 1 to 6 years in prison and a fine between 1,000 and 5,000 euros. For possession with an aim of distribution (drug-dealing) the sentence can range from 2 to 8 years for small amounts, through 3 to 12 years for large amounts, up to 5 to 15 years when executed by an organized criminal group. In these cases the maximum fine to be determined together with the prison time is 50,000 euros. Growing is punishable by 2 to 5 years and a fine up to 5,000 euros. The organizer of a growers group can receive from 10 to 20 years and has to pay a fine up to 100,000 euros and a participant in such a group – 3 to 10 years in prison and a fine of 2,500 to 5,000 euros. In minor cases of growing cannabis (for example a few plants grown by a single person and not meant for distribution) the sentence is up to 1 year and a fine between 250 and 500 euros, but the prison term could be replaced by probation. Consumption is not prohibited, as only possession, trafficking or dealing is a crime but handling of a joint while smoking can be interpreted as possession.
Academic literature uses the abstract to succinctly communicate complex research. An abstract may act as a stand-alone entity instead of a full paper. As such, an abstract is used by many organizations as the basis for selecting research that is proposed for presentation in the form of a poster, platform/oral presentation or workshop presentation at an academic conference. Most literature database search engines index only abstracts rather than providing the entire text of the paper. Full texts of scientific papers must often be purchased because of copyright and/or publisher fees and therefore the abstract is a significant selling point for the reprint or electronic form of the full text.
Abstracts are protected under copyright law just as any other form of written speech is protected. However, publishers of scientific articles invariably make abstracts publicly available, even when the article itself is protected by a toll barrier. For example, articles in the biomedical literature are available publicly from MEDLINE which is accessible through PubMed. It is a common misconception that the abstracts in MEDLINE provide sufficient information for medical practitioners, students, scholars and patients. The abstract can convey the main results and conclusions of a scientific article but the full text article must be consulted for details of the methodology, the full experimental results, and a critical discussion of the interpretations and conclusions. Consulting the abstract alone is inadequate for scholarship and may lead to inappropriate medical decisions.
An abstract allows one to sift through copious amounts of papers for ones in which the researcher can have more confidence that they will be relevant to his or her research. Once papers are chosen based on the abstract, they must be read carefully to be evaluated for relevance. It is commonly surmised that one must not base reference citations on the abstract alone, but the entire merits of a paper.
- Cannabis laws: Learn about the legal status of cannabis in countries around the world, Everyone does it, http://www.everyonedoesit.co.uk/cannabis_information/cannabis_laws/cannabis_laws_cannabis_laws_abroad.cfm, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "Argentina court ruling decriminalizes marijuana and makes personal use a constitutional right", Daily News (New York: nydailynews.com), 2009-08-26, http://articles.nydailynews.com/2009-08-26/news/29435978_1_drug-trafficking-drug-gangs-possession-of-small-amounts, retrieved 2010-03-04
- "Australia's cannabis laws". The Age (Melbourne). 2003-05-23. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/05/22/1053585645363.html.
- NCPIC Cannabis and the Law Factsheet, ncpic.org.au, http://ncpic.org.au/ncpic/publications/factsheets/article/cannabis-and-the-law/
- Suchtmittelgesetz §27, Rechtsinformationssystem des Bundeskanzleramts, http://ris.bka.gv.at/Dokument.wxe?Abfrage=Bundesnormen&Dokumentnummer=NOR40093183, retrieved 2009-05-17
- Cannabis legal status vault - Belgium, Erowid.org, http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_law.shtml#belgium, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Cannabis South American laws, Erowid.org, March 1995, http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_law2.shtml
- Law 11.343, planalto.gov.br, http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2004-2006/2006/Lei/L11343.htm
- Ясен Люцканов, Еднократна доза закони, Segabg.com, http://www.segabg.com/online/article.asp?issueid=2403§ionid=5&id=0002301, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Cannabis Cambodia: smoker's paradise, Cannabisculture.com, 1998-11-01, http://www.cannabisculture.com/articles/1403.html, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Siem Reap marijuana prices, and where to buy weed in Cambodia, Webehigh.com, 2009-05-26, http://www.webehigh.com/city/detail.php?CITYID=2719, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Happy Restuarants (sic) in Sihanoukville, GoSihanoukville.com, http://www.gosihanoukville.com/dining/happy/index.html, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-38.8/page-2.html, retrieved 2011-10-01
- (PDF) Law No. 20.000 Active since 2005, http://www.bibliodrogas.cl/bibliodrogas/ley_chile/LEY_20.000.pdf, retrieved 2012-10-04
- Taxonomic studies of Cannabis in China, Hempfood.com, http://www.hempfood.com/iha/iha03207.html, retrieved 2011-02-17
- La dosis mínima no podrá ser penalizada, dice Corte Constitucional, noticiascaracol.com, 2012-06-28, http://noticiascaracol.com/nacion/articulo-268851-la-dosis-minima-no-podra-ser-penalizada-dice-corte-constitucional
- Dossiers sur les 30 Chefs d'Etat ou de Gouvernements tués
You must be logged in to post comments.
You claim request was sent. I will be handled in the next 24 hours.Close window